Yellow River – Cradle of Chinese Civilization

Baku, June 4, AZERTAC

Yellow River, Chinese (pinyin) Huang He or (Wade-Giles Romanization) Huang Ho, also spelled Hwang Ho, English Yellow River, principal river of northern China, east-central and eastern Asia. The Yellow River is often called the cradle of Chinese civilization. With a length of 3,395 miles (5,464 km), it is the second longest river in the country, surpassed only by the Yangtze (Chang Jiang) River and its watershed is the third largest in China, with an area of approximately 290,000 square miles (750,000 km2).

The river originates in the southern province of Qinghai on the Tibetan Plateau and crosses six other provinces and two autonomous regions in its course to the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli), a bay in the Yellow Sea of ​​the Pacific Ocean. North. In its lower reaches, it is a shifting, turbulent, silt-laden watercourse that often overflows its banks and sends floodwaters across the North China Plain. For this reason, he was given names such as “The Sorrow of China” and “The Ungovernable”. The Mandarin Chinese word huang (“yellow”) refers to the fine loess sediments that the river carries to the sea. The Yellow River basin has a huge population – surpassed by only a small number of countries – and the river and its tributaries pass through some of China’s oldest cities including Lanzhou, Baotou, Xi’an (Sian), Taiyuan, Luoyang, Zhengzhou, Kaifeng and Jinan.

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