The drought responsible for the end of the Mayan civilization

Researchers looked back in history and discovered that the great Mayan civilization could have been destroyed by climate change. In the study, published in the journal Nature Communications, it has been proposed that a prolonged drought was at the heart of the Maya collapse. Mayapan, the cultural and political capital of the Yucatán Peninsula, was said to have been deserted when hunger and civil unrest overwhelmed the kingdom.

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The Mayan people built some of the most amazing ancient structures that still exist today. However, according to the researchers, the once prosperous kingdom found itself embroiled in civil wars when droughts and hunger lasted longer than normal. People then began to retreat to smaller settlements to survive. The new study warns that such disasters threaten modern civilization if climate change is not stopped and we are not prepared.

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“Multiple lines of evidence indicate that civil conflict increased significantly, and generalized linear modeling correlates conflict in the city with drought conditions between 1400 and 1450 CE,” the researchers wrote in the journal. ‘article.

The researchers also had many historical documents to work on. Some other factors factored into the Mayapan collapse were diets and population changes. They also discovered that human remains found in the ruins showed signs of traumatic injuries, indicating civil unrest.

To support the allegation of civil war, during an analysis of one of the mass graves, it was found that most of the bodies belonged to high-ranking people. Researchers believe the deaths may have been caused by social unrest resulting from competing factions.

The lack of water and food has also led to conflicts in the capital. The researchers pointed out that the water shortage could have affected the agricultural and commercial practices of the Mayapan people.

“Our transdisciplinary work underscores the importance of understanding the complex relationships between natural and social systems, particularly when assessing the role of climate change in exacerbating internal political tensions and factionalism in areas where drought leads to food insecurity,” the researchers said.

Going through Nature Communication

Main image via Pixabay