Shahrbat: Neglected Villages | Navi Mumbai Municipality District CIDCO town amy 95
The original 29 villages were not considered in the city development plan released by Navi Mumbai Municipality. The municipality is trying to do what CIDCO did earlier. Therefore, it will not take long to destroy these villages. At least the municipality should prepare a separate plan for them. The victims of the project must raise a large number of objections and suggestions.
The city of Navi Mumbai is built on the lands of the villagers of 95 villages in Thane and Raigad districts. It is not fair to avoid mentioning the services that the victims of the project will need in the future in this development plan. About two and a half million lakh project victims from these 29 villages pay various taxes. There are more than 20 corporations representing these villages. By electing two deputies, the victims of the project participate as much as the urban citizens. These villagers, originally from Navi Mumbaikar, have been overlooked in the development plan. This plan is therefore incomplete. We do not see that this plan went beyond the reservation on vacant land in the development plan prepared by CIDCO forty years ago. In this development plan prepared under pressure from CIDCO, we can see that the area of the city has decreased. Therefore, this city, which has an area of 109 square kilometers on paper, has been reduced to 84 square kilometers in this development plan. While the residential area created by CIDCO is 1244 hectares, it has been directly increased to 3968 hectares in this development plan. The municipality claims that the residential area will increase almost twice.
The concept of creating a new city was proposed in the sixties to stem the demographic crisis that hit Mumbai. It was effectively implemented in March 1970. The government acquired 16,000 hectares of land from the villagers through an ordinance. Navi Mumbai of today stands as the farmers here gave the land to the government without any opposition. The same Bhumiputra was expelled from this development plan. The state of the villages is very sad today. There is a shortage of land, parks, toilets, schools, hospitals. In some villages, these facilities are not available for medicines. As CIDCO did not pay attention to the natural expansion of these villages in time, the villages became impoverished. Illegal construction is on the rise. Due to the need built by the victims of the project, the land mafias have encroached on the villages. These constructions were erected with the blessing of CIDCO and the municipal authorities. These two organizations are therefore responsible for this chaotic development.
Since CIDCO included these villages in its plan, the municipality also drew criticism from CIDCO. The boundaries of these villages were determined during the Bitrich period in 1930. CIDCO sealed these boundaries in 1971. After that, plots were granted as additional compensation to victims of the project near the village under the scheme of twelve and a half percent. Due to the 12.5% program launched by the government in September 1994, this unknowingly led to the expansion of the villages. The houses were built out of need and desire on the free land left between the village and the 12.5% plot. Thus, today the city and the village are one. The villagers of the village must depend on the urban area for the land, park, school, college, hospital required for the inhabitants of the village. It was therefore necessary to reserve land for public use at least near the village. Many cemeteries and burial places are now united. However, by developing and expanding the cemetery near the village, both were created by the municipality for the residents. There is no parking in any village. Therefore, it can be seen that the damaged vehicles are parked on the dirt roads of the villages. During the emergency, it becomes impossible for firefighters and ambulances to reach the village.
The villages that are an integral part of Navi Mumbai are not in this development plan. CIDCO did not include them. The municipality therefore repeated this error. While giving twelve and a half percent of the project plots to the project victims, CIDCO diverted nearly four hundred meters of land for infrastructure. Only these 450 hectares of land were less given to the victims of the project in Thane district. This is so that CIDCO keeps at least as much land for public use for future generations. According to the central standards, it is mandatory for a person to have twelve square meters of free land. CIDCO had reduced this limit. The municipality wreaked havoc with it and set 1.39 and 0.39 meters respectively for the floor and the park. Integrated village development is needed. The municipality should at least prepare a separate plan for them. Agri Koli Youth Foundation has created the concept of Smart Village for this purpose. Until then, the victims of the project must raise a large number of objections and suggestions on the development plan prepared by the municipality.