Hattusha – the capital of the Hittite civilization, one of the must-see UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Turkey – AZERTAC

Baku, April 1, AZERTAC

Located in the Turkish province of Çorum in Central Anatolia, Hattusha (often referred to as the archaeological site of Boğazkale) – the capital of the Hittite civilization was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1986 as a cultural property.

Hattusha is a remarkable archaeological site with its urban organization, well-preserved archaeological structures, rich ornaments and stone art.

It is mainly known for its advanced town planning and beautifully carved ornaments on the Royal Gate, the Lion Gate and the two sphinxes on the Sphinx Gate which are now in the nearby Boğazkale Museum.

The city is located 200 kilometers (124 miles) from Ankara and takes about two hours 20 minutes (one way) to get there.

The property consists of the Hittite urban area, the rock sanctuary of Yazılıkaya in the north, the ruins of Kayalı Boğaz in the east and the forest of İbikçam in the south.

A monumental wall of more than 8 km long surrounds the entire city. There are remnants of older walls around the lower town and section walls dividing the greater city into separate quarters.

The ruins of the fortification of the upper town form a double enclosure with more than a hundred towers and, as far as we know today, five gates: two to the west, the Lion Gate to the southwest. , the King’s Gate to the south-east and a processional gate, the Sphinx Gate to the south of the city. The latter is located at the top of a high artificial bastion with stone-clad slopes, with two staircases leading to the entrance gate at the top and an arched stone tunnel passing below.

The impressive ruins of the fortifications, placed on rocky peaks in the center of the upper city, testify to the intricacy of Hittite rockwork, and the longest known Hittite hieroglyphic inscription of the Hittite Empire is in the upper city at Nişantepe.

The famous Yazılıkaya Rock Sanctuary, which is an open-air temple with two natural chambers carved into the rock, is located 2 km northeast of the capital, on the slope of a mountain barrier. The walls of the rock chambers are covered with the richest and most striking samples of Hittite relief art, featuring gods and goddesses and the figures of the great king Tuthaliya IV.

Kayalı Boğaz, first mentioned in cuneiform inscriptions, is a large fortified settlement located 1.5 km east of the King’s Gate. It may have served as one of the outposts and strongholds, located in the countryside to monitor and control the main roads leading into the city. İbikçam Forest represents one of the last examples of dense forest covering the mountains south of the capital during the Hittite era.

Hattusha is an archaeological site remarkable for its urban organization, the types of construction and the richness of ornamentation that have been preserved and for all the rock art.

AZERTAG.AZ :Hattusha – the capital of the Hittite civilization, one of the must-see UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Turkey

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