Archaeological China unveils splendid Chinese civilization

People visit the Sanxingdui Museum in Guanghan, southwest China’s Sichuan Province, October 30, 2021.[Photo/Xinhua]

Since March of this year, the new dizzying archaeological excavations at the Sanxingdui site have continued to impress the world. Golden masks, sacred bronze trees, bronze altars and many other national level cultural relics showcase the imagination of the Shu civilization.

To discuss the future protection and development of these treasures, archaeological experts from the Chinese site of Sanxingdui and the ancient city of Pompeii in Italy this year launched a two-week international academic seminar on the protection and use of heritage. cultural in both countries. The cooperation between Sanxingdui and Pompeii is also the quintessence of the dialogue between the ancient and splendid Chinese civilization and the world in the progress of archaeological excavations.

China’s 5,000-year history has created a wide and deep Chinese civilization, and the state attaches great importance to archaeological work.

Chinese President Xi Jinping called for developing archeology with Chinese characteristics, style and ethics, in order to better understand the ancient, vast and deep Chinese civilization, and to provide strong support to advance the beautiful traditional culture of China and strengthen cultural confidence.

With the strong support of the country, many archaeological teams have achieved great achievements in China in recent years.

In July of last year, the Liangzhu relic site in Hangzhou, capital of China’s Zhejiang Province, a sacred land with more than 5,000 years of Chinese civilization, was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

A distant view of the Neolithic site of Shijiahe.[Photo/CGTN]

As an example of Liangzhu culture, Liangzhu archaeological site is considered to be one of the most important Neolithic Age heritage sites in China, and the greatest feature of this cultural site are the jade articles . Representing Chinese civilization between 3,300 BC and 2,300 BC, the Liangzhu relic site is roughly contemporary with the Old Kingdom period in ancient Egypt.

Over the past 80 years, generations of archaeologists have developed a comprehensive picture of the ancient civilization of the site of the ancient city of Liangzhu with unremitting exploration.

The ruins of Liangzhu City were discovered in 2007, and later in 2009, the sites of the large dams surrounding the city were unearthed. Archaeologists also found that Liangzhu’s ancestors began using characters around 5,000 years ago, which pushed China’s writing history forward over 1,000 years.

The ancient site of Liangzhu is just one example.

The Shijiahe Neolithic Site Complex in Shijiahe City, Central China’s Hubei Province, further reveals the general trend towards production specialization and social stratification in the middle course of the Yangtze River at the end of the Neolithic period. The Yuyao Jingtou Mountain Site in Zhejiang Province has achieved a major breakthrough in marine culture archeology and marine environment research in China.

These major “archaeological China” projects have enriched information on the origin and development history of Chinese civilization through step-by-step research.

Professional talent is the key to the development of archeology.

At the beginning of the introduction of modern archeology to China, Peking University set up an archaeological research office. In 1952, PKU established the first major in archeology among Chinese universities. Su Bingqi, Su Bai, Zou Heng, Lu Zunge, Yu Weichao, Zhang Zhongpei, Yan Wenming … These brilliant names make Peking University a true cradle of Chinese archaeologists.

Not only PKU, over the past 30 years, the archeology department of Northwest University, Xi’an, China, has formed a “Trinitarian” discipline system of archeology, protective technology. cultural relics and cultural heritage management.

“We are committed to establishing the discourse system of Chinese archeology, showing the extended and deep Chinese civilization to the international community, explaining the splendid achievements of Chinese civilization and its major contributions to human civilization, and making to know the history of China and the spirit of the Chinese nation to the world, ”said Wang Jianxin, director of the Silk Road Archaeological Center at Northwestern University.