19 May 2021
Reconstruction of the Western Hills of the Acropolis by the Municipality of Athens is underway – The study has been approved by KAS
As part of the program agreement between the Ministry of Culture and Sports and the Municipality of Athens
At yesterday’s meeting of the Central Archaeological Council, the framework of the works and works related to the renovation, restoration and promotion of the declared archaeological site of the Pnykos Hills, Nymphs and Muses-Filopappos (Western Hills) of the ‘Acropolis of Athens was approved unanimously.
The additional protection and promotion of the archaeological site is a top priority, combined with the safety of visitors and the cleanliness of the site due to the high traffic, as these are free areas accessible 24 hours a day. Cultural Development Program Contract between the Ministry of Culture, the Municipality of Athens and the OTA company. “National Garden-Parc Métropolitain SA”, in order to “Reconstruction, restoration and enhancement of the Western Hills of the Acropolis”.
As stated by Minister of Culture and Sports Lina Mendoni “In the Hills of Pnyx, the Nymphs and the Muses-Filopappou, the history of ancient Athens in its heyday is imprinted and presumed. From Pnyx and the monument of Philopappos, to the cobblestones of Pikionis and the church of ‘Agios Georgios de Lombardiaris, the wooded hills west of the Acropolis identify with the evolution of the capital over time. The protection, renovation and enhancement of this important archaeological site, covering an area of ‘approximately 650 hectares, together with the monuments included in it is another step in the upgrade of the archaeological environment of Athens.
It was preceded by the program agreement between the Ministry of Culture and the Municipality of Athens for the promotion of the Plato Academy. In collaboration with the Municipality, with separate responsibilities from the two organizations, we are working together to ensure that the West Hills are a place of history, greenery and recreation, a unique experience for walkers. With the completion of the works, the excavated archaeological site of the western hills of the Acropolis is made improved, enhanced and safe for the rest and enjoyment of its visitors.
?? Mayor of Athens Costas Bakogiannis declared, “Athens is taking a new step towards the rebirth of its most emblematic districts. The signal was given to begin the effort to restore, protect and upgrade all the elements and characteristics of the Filopappos hill that linked it to the history, culture and modern life of Athens. It is important that in this effort we coordinate and organize our work with the Ministry of Culture to achieve the best result“.
The objective of the Cultural Development Program Convention is
- The protection and enhancement of the monuments of the archaeological site,
- The safety of visitors and monuments
- Improve and modernize its infrastructures,
- Protection of the natural environment (flora and fauna) and harmony its inclusion in the archaeological landscape
- Elimination of risk factors (fire, landslides, dangerous road points, delinquency)
The implementation of the overall project, which is expected to last four (4) years with co-financing from the Ministry of Culture and the Municipality of Athens, includes five sub-projects, which provide for the preparation of studies and the execution of corresponding projects by the Market bodies during their competence:
1. Creation and development of the geospatial infrastructure of the Western Hills with the compilation of the digital topography and the creation of digital databases for all the elements of the archaeological site, the relief and the forest.
2. Take immediate action to protect and modernize infrastructure, equipment, greenery and eliminate risk factors.
3. Preparation of studies for all maintenance, repair, restoration and upgrading projects for infrastructure, networks, buildings and greenery.
4. Execution of the projects which will result from the above studies and will concern the extension and modernization of networks (irrigation, fire fighting, electricity), roads, with emphasis on accessibility for people with disabilities, restoration of Pikioni cobblestones, repair of the two annex buildings. Pikioni, in the fixing of precarious sections of rocks and slopes and in the application of the phytotechnical study for the forest.
5. The archaeological research and work that will arise during the monitoring of the implementation of all projects, unveiling, preservation, enhancement and protection of the monuments of the archaeological site, such as the Wall, the Pnyx Fountain, the cut clusters in the natural rock of the houses and other residential remains of Pnyx, five cave chambers carved with timeless use in antiquity, as well as the repair and maintenance of the nave of Ag. Dimitriou Lombardiaris.
Finally, security, cleaning and maintenance services are included throughout the program contract.
When the visitor to the Acropolis of Athens stands on the south side of the archaeological site, he sees, among other things, green hilly formations to the southwest, between which dominates the monument of Philopappos. It is the archaeological site of the hills of Pnyx, Nymphs and Muses-Filopappou (Western Hills), with an area of approximately 650 hectares, which is part of the archaeological sites integrated around the Acropolis (Government Gazette 387 / B / 5 -7-1983) and the protection zone (buffer zone) of the Acropolis as a UNESCO World Heritage site. It is also inscribed on the List of monuments of the Acropolis and surrounding archaeological sites, which have received the European Heritage Label.
The area is bounded by Ap. Pavlou, D. Aiginitou, Otrineon, Ag. Marina, Akamantos, Aktai, Arakynthos, Panaitoli, Muses, Drakos, Epiphanous, Garivaldi, Robertos Gali and A. Pavlou streets and is both a lively peri-urban green space in the capital and a gathering place for the traditional Clean Monday Koulouma.
Includes important antiques, comprising the Church Complex of the Municipality of the Athenian Republic (Pnyx), the Wall, the Residential Remains of the Former Municipalities of Meliti and Koili, the Ancient Street of Koili, the Monument of Philopappos, the Remains of Saints Musaeus and Nymphs, Panos “Prison of Socrates” and the “Memorials of Kimoneia”, cemeteries from the Geometric, Hellenistic and Roman period, Byzantine-post-Byzantine naidria (Agios Dimitrios Lombardiaris, Agia Marina, Agios Konstantinos) and monuments dedicated to monuments the most recent andira, the National Observatory, although almost on the surface, can be found a number of antiquities, as is natural for the location of this area, in the immediate vicinity of the sacred rock of the Acropolis and of the ancient Agora.
The basic facilities and infrastructure of the Western Hills are the tour routes and the stopping and viewing spots., like Andiro Pikioni, Belvedere Koilis and Melitis and the surroundings of the monuments of Pnyx and Philopappos, with a unique view of the Acropolis and the southern slope with their monuments and the surrounding archaeological sites, as well as the densely built modern urban to the south until ‘in the Saronic Gulf.
The archaeological site after the promotional interventions of the period 1997-2004, through mainly community funds, is an important pole of attraction with two characteristics., because in addition to an archaeological site with many important monuments, it is also, due to the vast forest area, one of the important recreation areas for locals and visitors, with free access 24 hours a day. 24.